Pedro Antonio de AlarcónPedro Antonio de Alarcón y Ariza (10 March 183319 July 1891) was a nineteenth-century Spanish novelist, best known for his novel ''El sombrero de tres picos'' (1874), an adaptation of a popular traditions which provides a lively picture of village life in Alarcón's native region of Andalusia. It was the basis for Hugo Wolf's opera ''Der Corregidor'' (1897) and Manuel de Falla's ballet ''The Three-Cornered Hat'' (1919).
Alarcón wrote another popular short novel, '''' ('Captain Poison', 1881). He produced four other full-length novels. One of these novels, ''El escándalo'' ('The Scandal', 1875), became noted for its keen psychological insights. Alarcón also wrote three travel books and many short stories and essays.
Alarcón was born in Guadix, near Granada. In 1859, he served in a Spanish military operation in Morocco. He gained his first literary recognition with '''', a patriotic account of the campaign. Provided by Wikipedia