Grupo Cine LiberaciónThe ''Grupo Cine Liberación'' ("The Liberation Film Group") was an Argentine film movement that took place during the end of the 1960s. It was founded by Fernando Solanas, Octavio Getino and Gerardo Vallejo. The idea of the group was to give rise to historical, testimonial and film-act cinema, to contribute to the debate and offer an open space for dialogue and freedom of expression that was illegal at that time. With strong anti-imperialist ideas, he harshly criticized Peronism and neocolonialism. In the subsequent years other films directors (''grupo Realizadores de Mayo'', Enrique and Nemesio Juárez, Pablo Szir, etc.) revolved around the active core of the ''Cine Liberación'' group.
Along with Raymundo Gleyzer's ''Cine de la Base'' in Argentina, the Brazilian ''Cinema Novo'', the Cuban revolutionary cinema and the Bolivian film director Jorge Sanjinés, the ''Grupo Cine Liberación'' was part of the ''Tercer Cine'' movement. The name of ''Tercer Cine'' (or Third Film, in an obvious allusion to the Third World) was explicitly opposed to "First World" cinema, that is, Hollywood, and was also contrasted with auteur film, deciding to engage itself more explicitly in the social and political movements.
From his exile in Francoist Spain, Juan Peron sent in 1971 two letters to Octavio Getino, one congratulating him for this work of Liberation Film Group, and another concerning two documentaries that were to be done with him (''La Revolución Justicialista'' and ''Actualización política y doctrinaria'').
The graphist Raimundo Ongaro, also founder of the ''CGT de los Argentinos'' (CGTA) trade-union, was also close to this movement. Provided by Wikipedia